Po8
Predictions and inferences

Whenever we explore problems in physics using our mechanism, we find interesting answers.

We've grouped some predictions into categories of interest (though some predictions cross categories).

# Gravitation and gravitational waves

## Gravitation is not part of a unified field

Gravitation will not be unified as a field, on equal terms with QFT, but they may all be extracted as statistics of an underlying process.[15]

## Gravitation is not a distinct force

Gravitation is a statistical phenomenon arising from how vacuum flux is collapsed and emitted by large objects. It is not a distant interaction via a special field or force.[14]

## Gravitational waves produce a directional spectral shift

See Gravitational waves and [15]

## Signature of binary black holes: contains echoes

Gravitational waves in this mechanism will have a different signature than a standard model, because of the chaotic flux re-use/occlusion.

Example: binary black holes

A ghost of the distant waves will be present in the flux emitted from the closer object, but only at a squared order of magnitude when compared to the original signal. For an event at one of two non-merged black holes of identical mass, if a gravitational signal is ${\mathrm{10}}^{\mathrm{-31}}$, then the echo would be ${\mathrm{10}}^{\mathrm{-62}}$.

## Gravitational occlusion: a tiny effect

A large body may occlude the gravitational influence of another large body (squared Planck magnitude).[15]

# Black holes and particle decoherence

## The event horizon is not special

Black holes have no special horizon or boundary at which rules or metrics change; it's just improbable that radiation can escape uncollapsed.[15]

## A black hole might seem to repel matter near its surface

Near the surface of a black hole, there may be vacuum flux gradients that cause matter to repel from the surface.

We have yet to calculate at what point the black hole strata would evaporate, but we expect it would depend on an influx of lighter bosons, such that the total population of light bosons cannot be confined by the heavier bosons in the structure, and thus create a flux gradient along which the matter may escape.

## Proton decay: hadrons are self-correcting strctures.

Given the flux model for particle coherence, the proton must have some self-correcting influence in its structure.[15]

## All our matter might be phase-synchronized

The quantization condition of the matter we can interact with must be synchronised. Given that the phase window is very narrow compared with all possible values of phase, there potentially exists much more vacuum energy (perhaps 10^20 times more) and matter than we can interact with directly. We expect the distribution to be peaked around that of our own matter.[15]

# Anti-matter

## Matter prevalence over anti-matter: has a process

Anti-matter polarizes into the vacuum flux during fermiogenesis[15]

## Wave phases of antimatter: collapse slightly differently

There is a difference in the behaviour of matter and anti-matter: A negative phase modulation means that solutions are retarded rather than advanced (by Planck-squared magnitude). Also, the quantization condition of a non-excluded wave occurs a quarter-cycle out-of-phase from its partner wave.[15]

# Vacuum flux

## Vacuum energy: was once fermions

Vacuum energy comprises the radiated/uncollapsed bosons from fermions[15]

## Flux density varies over large distances

Vacuum flux density depends on near-local emissions. This has effects: [15]

### Dense vacuum flux ⇒ smaller particles

Particles will become smaller (Compton Radius) in the presence of an increased vacuum flux.[15]

### Variations of flux density ⇒ red/blue-shift

Cosmological red-shift has another factor: our matter structures may have shrunk in the presence of concentrated vacuum flux.[15]

## Without vacuum, a 'free' electron could never collapse

Given that the vacuum collapses the radiated constituent bosons of a ferminon, and that the boson propagates until collapsed, we can conclude that if bosons do not overlap other bosons, they will never collapse.[15]

## Spontaneous fermion creation and annihilation

As well as conserved fermions, we may simulate the creation of fermions from vacuum flux, that immediately become vacuum flux. [15]

## Quantum fluctuations are instances of vacuum flux

There is nothing random about quantum fluctuations. It is the result of a vacuum boson causing a collapse, and can be shown in a deterministic context.[15]

# Propagation

## Phase-space-time equivalence

Wave phase is more fundamental than space or time, but the three are equivalent (dt = ds = dp).[14]

## Nothing travels slower nor faster than light speed

All radiation, and the energy of all matter, travel at light speed; lower velocities are a result of indirect walks.[4]

## Fermions have sub-parts

Fermions deconstitute as components (bosons). The waves of those bosons are collapsed by bosons (from other sources, e.g. vacuum or bosons from co-confined fermions) before collapsing again.[4]

## Mass-energy is propagated by bosons

Fundamental mass-energy is defined by, and carried by, the bosons. It is expressed and screened in many ways.[14]