Black Hole


A constitution for matter that demonstrates evaporation

Our picture demonstrates 'evaporation' from a black hole. Matter may be re-encoded into forms that may escape, and we interpret the classical Schwarzschild radius as a statistical quantum zone that is conventionally considered to be the point of no return for inwardly-falling matter.

What is a Black Hole?

Generally, a black hole is a region where gravity (or, in terms of General Relativity, space-time curvature) overcomes any other forces that would otherwise allow matter to escape. The early common interpretation was that nothing can escape; speculation in quantum mechanics suggests that some matter escapes every black hole, and that a black hole eventually 'evaporates' via radiation.

The Re-encoding of Matter

In the constitution article, we describe how conserved fermions may re-constitute from bosons. This structure for matter allows the constituent parts of a fermion to collapse independently as fermionic couplings with external bosons or vacuum energy.

Fig.1: (a) Persistent state, and (b) a change of constitution.

These vacuum-coupled fermions may then in turn re-radiate the same bosons, which collapse back to the original fermion (fig.1a: Z1). If that fails to happen, then the two parts of the fermion will go their separate ways (fig.1b), losing coherence, with the probability of re-constitution becoming less likely in the process; they might never reconstitute the original fermion again.

All fermions have the ability to change their constitution, by having their own bosons substituted for bosons from elsewhere.

The (Probabilistic) Point of No Return

Rather than simply assuming a classical radius for the threshold of a black hole (the Schwarzschild radius), the physical model implies that the direction (that a boson resolves itself to) is dependent on near-local vacuum conditions (other bosons that are passing as fields, or are in the required phase to help constitute fermion events). It is therefore a probabilistic boundary, the condition for escaping radiation being that the vacuum in the locality contains bosons having low mass-energy, so that a fermion state (though not necessarily the same constitution or matter type) can have a 'good run' in the outward direction. Conditions would be more favourable in the presence of dipoles, which may provide outward solutions assisted by electromagnetic fields or vacuum currents, so we would expect radiation to be at localities having high charge.

Quantum Escape

We use this process as basis for the proposition that matter may re-encode itself to forms that may radiate past the Schwarzschild boundary.

In our mass-energy article, we show how massive bosons are less likely to propagate far before they collapse, and conversely, light bosons may propagate great distances before being collapsed. With this in mind,

Avoiding mass

Where the mass-energy of the body is significant, a boson's spherical wave will need to avoid crossing the body, for an increased probability of escape.

If a boson's waves generate new fermion events on their escape path, then the radiated boson originates from a point further from the central mass, and can more easily reach a safe distance where they may be considered to be 'radiation' from the main body.

Characteristics of a black hole. A is the centre, and radius C is where a conventional event horizon would be.

How can this solve the Black Hole Information Paradox?

The Black Hole Information Paradox is founded on the idea that a black hole seems to destroy information. Using the above, and treating the information as individual waves or bosons, rather than as fermions or composite particles, we find that although the matter may change constitution within the body, and separate to generate radiation, the overall mass-energy will be conserved, and nothing is destroyed.